A literature review of biosensors for multiple sclerosis: towards personalized medicine and point-of-care testing

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic neuroinflammatory disease of the central nervous system that leads to severe motor and sensory deficits in patients. Although some biomolecules in serum or cerebrospinal fluid have been suggested as biomarkers for MS diagnosis, following disease activity and monitoring treatment response, most of these potential biomarkers are not currently in clinical use and available for all patients.